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Guidelines and house style

Guidelines for authors

An article should normally not exceed 10 000 words (including footnotes). However, in exceptional cases articles which exceed 10 000 words may be accepted.

An abstract of approximately 200—250 words must accompany the article.

All articles should be in United Kingdom English. United States' English is NOT used.

All articles should be submitted in MS Word or in a word-processing programme that is compatible with MS Word.

The article must indicate:

  • the title;
  • the author’s name; and
  • the author’s current position (institutional affiliation)

House style


Main section headings are in bold capitals and numbered, thus:


Sectional subheadings are in bold lower case and numbered as follows:

1.2 Corruption and money laundering
3.5 The consequences of corruption

Second-tier and further subheadings are in lower case italics and numbered as follows:

1.2.1 The challenges faced in combating corruption The social impact of money laundering


Quotations are indicated by double quotation marks.

Quotations in excess of 40 words are indented.


Italics are used for emphasis in the text.

Italics are used also for foreign words in the text.

“Foreign words” refers to words or phrases NOT listed in a standard English dictionary.


Abbreviations are used in footnotes, but NOT in the text.

For example, in footnotes use “s” for “section” and “art” for “article”.

In the text use “section” and “article”.

Abbreviations of terms are given in brackets the first time the term is used (either in the text or in a footnote); thereafter the abbreviation should be used.

For example: The Anti-Corruption Act 7 of 2016 (ACA)

For example: United Nations Convention against Corruption (UNCAC)

References and citations

Upper case is used for the key word in the titles of books, chapters and articles.

Books: In a first reference to a book, it is cited as follows: author’s surname and initial, title of book (in italics), edition, place of publication, publisher and year of publication (in brackets).

For example: Mugarura N, The Global Anti-Money Laundering Regulatory Landscape in Less Developed Countries, Abingdon: Ashgate Publishing (2012) at 150.

If there are more than one author, or one or more editors, the same style is followed with the necessary adjustments.

Chapters in books: Titles of chapters should be in quotation marks.

For example:

Goredema C, "Curbing Illicit Financial Flows in Sub-Saharan Africa: New Approaches and Strategic Entry Points for Anti-Corruption Efforts" in B Martin & R Koen (eds), Law and Justice at the Dawn of the 21st Century: Essays in Honour of Lovell Derek Fernandez, Bellville: Faculty of Law, University of the Western Cape (2016) at 45 – 66.

Articles are cited as follows: author’s surname and initial, title of article (in double quotation marks), year of publication (in brackets), volume and issue number (where applicable), title of journal (in italics) and the page range of the article.

For example:
Bardhan P, “Corruption and Development: A Review of Issues” (1997) 35:3 Journal of Economic Literature 1320 – 1346 at 1330.

Cases are cited with the parties’ names in italics.

For example:

Glenister v President of the Republic of South Africa and Others 2011 (3) SA 347 (CC).

Electronic sources: Citations should include the date when the source was last visited.

If a book, a chapter in a book or an article is cited more than once, the second and subsequent citations should give only the surname of the author(s) and year of publication.

For example:

See Mugarura (2012) at 71.

If more than one publication by the same author from the same year is cited, an abbreviated version of the title may be used to distinguish them.

For example:

See Mugarura “The Global Anti-Money Laundering Regulatory Landscape” (2012) at 77.

Footnotes (NOT endnotes) are used in the text for references to publications or authorities cited. Footnotes should be numbered consecutively and inserted using the automatic “Insert footnote” function in MS Word. 

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